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Biomass Chemical Engineering ›› 2022, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (4): 39-48.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-5854.2022.04.006

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Research Progress on Furfural Hydrogenation Using Metal Catalysis in Aqueous Medium

Haihong XIA1,2, Minghao ZHOU1,2,3, Changzhou CHEN1,2, Peng LIU1,2, Jing LI1,2, Jianchun JIANG1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, CAF; Key Lab. of Biomass Energy and Material, Jiangsu Province; Key Lab. of Chemical Engineering of Forest Products, National Forestry and Grassland Administration; National Engineering Research Center of Low-Carbon Processing and Utilization of Forest Bionass, Nanjing 210042, China
    2. Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center of Efficient Processing and Utilization of Forest Resources, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
    3. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225002, China
  • Received:2021-03-30 Online:2022-07-30 Published:2022-07-23
  • Contact: Jianchun JIANG E-mail:jiangjc@icifp.cn


Furfural is the bridge connecting raw biomass to the biorefinery industry. The reductive transformations of furfural in aqueous medium is an important way to prepare a wide variety of fine chemicals. Plenty of downstream products can be obtained by heterogeneous catalyst, such as(tetrahydro) furfuryl alcohol, 2-methyl(tetrahydro) furan, lactone, levulinate, cyclopentanone, cyclopentanol, and so on. The activity of catalyst mainly depends on the properties of metal and support, as well as reaction conditions, such as temperature, time, solvent, and pressure and so on. The research progress of furfural hydrogenation for preparing cyclopentanone and cyclopentanol using different non-noble metal(Cu, Ni, and Co) and precious metals(Pd, Ru, Pt, and Au) based catalyst were summarized. It was found that Ru, Pd, Au, and Cu-based catalysts have higher selectivity than other catalysts, and Cu-Ni bimetallic catalysts have excellent catalytic activity and selectivity, while their stability needs to be improved. The mechanism of the hydrogenation reaction on the metal surface was discussed, and the results showed that the aqueous medium and weaker Lewis acid sites play an important role in the reaction of ring rearrangement. Meanwhile, the future research direction of the hydrogenation reaction of furfural in aqueous medium is proposed.

Key words: water phase, cyclopentanone, cyclopentanol, heterogeneous catalyst, furfural, value-added chemicals

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