In recent years, the application field of superhydrophobic materials has become more and more extensive, and the requirements on mechanical strength, wear resistance, light transmissibility, reuse and other properties of super hydrophobic materials have become higher and higher, and the requirements on green environmental protection of raw materials have been increasing day by day. Biomass materials have many kinds and large volume, which occupy the do minant position of renewable resources. Cellulose, as the downstream fine products of biomass materials, has entered the field of vision of researchers with its advantages of green environmental protection, large reserves and flexible application. This paper briefly indicates the development history, characteristic, and application of superhydrophobic materials and cellulose, the application of superhydrophobic modification methods such as hydrothermal method, chemical deposition method, atom transfer radical polymerization and sol-gel method (cellulose/SiO2 super-hydrophobic materials and cellulose aerogel) in the preparation of cellulose based superhydrophobic materials was emphatically analyzed. Finally, the future development of cellulosic superhydrophobic materials was prospected.