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›› 2009, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 1-8.

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Industrial Status and Development of Synthetic Camphor

ZHAO Zhen-dong, BI Liang-wu   

  1. Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, CAF;National Engineering Lab. for Biomass Chemical Utilization;Key and Open Lab. on Forest Chemical Engineering, SFA, Nanjing 210042, China
  • Received:2009-06-18 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2009-07-30 Published:2009-07-30

Abstract: The dveolopment status of synthetic camphor industry was researched in detail, and some important factors to influence and improve the industry were analyzed and discussed. Nowadays, the production ability of synthetic camphor all over the world approaches to 32.35 kt, to however there are only 9 companies in normal outputting. The total output of synthetic camphor was about 23.65 kt in 2008, in which 16.30 kt were produced in domestic and 7.35 kt in India. Chinese synthetic camphor was exported in amount of 8.10 kt at an average price of 3 546 USD/t in 2008 to more than 70 countries and regions, in which India, Thailand, Germany, United States of America and Japan ranked the top five countries that kept almost stable for 6 years. The most consumption countries are India and China in almost balanced amounts. There are two major processes to synthesize camphor: the one is through esterification and saponification, which is the so-called traditional process, and the other is through a one-step hydration to give the intermediate isoborneol. The traditional way is still the mainstream process. QC standard system of the synthetic camphor consist of the National Standards of China for the industrial-grade camphor, the Industry Standards for domestic camphor, pharmacopoeias for pharmaceutical-grade camphor and the reference camphor serving for general standards. Some laws, regulations, policies and government files, marked with HJ/T 217-2005 "Technical Requirement for Environmental Labelling Products-Products Mothproof Agent" support and guarantee for the development of camphor industry, but the development of the domestic camphor market is still relying on the promote of public daily-life and health awareness, as well as on the guidance via public policy.

Key words: synthetic camphor, utilization of turpentine oil, industrial status, development analysis

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