Welcome to Biomass Chemical Engineering,

Biomass Chemical Engineering ›› 2021, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (1): 91-100.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-5854.2021.01.013

• Review Comment • Previous Articles    

Research Advances on Biomass Derived Carbon Aerogel

Jie ZHANG1, Rongshuai DUAN1, Zijiang LI1, Hui WANG2, Ning ZHANG2, Shuya ZHANG2, Chuanling SI2,*()   

  1. 1. Shandong Institute of Commerce and Technology, Jinan 250103, China
    2. Tianjin Key Laboratory of Pulp & Paper, School of Light Industry Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Science & Technology, Tianjin 300457, China
  • Received:2020-06-22 Online:2021-01-30 Published:2021-01-25
  • Contact: Chuanling SI E-mail:sichli@tust.edu.cn


As a new type of nano-porous carbon-based materials, carbon aerogel has many unique characteristics such as high porosity, large specific surface area, high electrical conductivity, and high thermal stability, etc., which is widely used in the fields of catalyst, capacitors and adsorption materials.Compared with traditional carbon aerogels, biomass-based carbon aerogels have the advantage in abundant and renewable precursors, which opens an opportunity for the high-value and functionalized utilization of biomass. Based on a brief introduction of the preparation process of biomass-based carbon aerogels (including sol gelation, drying and carbonization), this review paper mainly introduced the preparation methods of three types of carbon aerogels from different biomass precursors (plant cellulose, bacterial cellulose and plants with three-dimensional porous structure), and the applications of carbon aerogels in catalyst, adsorption materials, ultracapacitors and lithium-ion batteries were elaborated as well. Finally, the research direction and development prospective of biomass derived carbon aerogels were discussed.

Key words: biomass, carbon aerogel, catalyst carrier, supercapacitor, lithium-ion battery

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