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bce ›› 2017, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (5): 29-35.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-5854.2017.05.005

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Kinetics of Butanone Adsorption on Activated Carbon

HUANG Li, YANG Hua, SUN Kang, LIU Shicai   

  1. Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, CAF; National Engineering Lab. for Biomass Chemical Utilization; Key and Open Lab. of Forest Chemical Engineering, SFA; Key Lab. of Biomass Energy and Material, Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210042, China
  • Received:2016-07-25 Online:2017-09-30 Published:2017-09-30

Abstract: Two kinds of activated carbons(wooden activated carbon and coaly activated carbon) were used to study the butanone adsorption. The effects of adsorption time, adsorption temperature and the carrier gas flow of butanone on the adsorption performance were discussed. The adsorption kinetics at different temperatures were studied. Equilibrium data were analyzed by four kinetic models which were pseudo-first-order kinetic model, pseudo-second-order kinetic model, Elovich kinetic model and Bangham kinetic model, thus the kinetic model on the butanone adsorption was established. The results showed that the different kinds of activated carbons showed different adsorption performance. Meanwhile, the adsorption and desorption happened at the same time during the process of butanone adsorption on activated carbon. When the adsorption rate equaled the desorption rate, the equilibrium was established. The equilibrium adsorption amount of butanone decreased with the increase of temperature, which also indicated that the butanone adsorption on activated carbon was an exothermic reaction. The carrier gas flow influenced the adsorption time and rate, and the saturated adsorption amount of butanone of AC-1 was influenced and that of AC-2 was not. The optimal adsorption temperature was 303 K and the ideal carrier gas flow was 400 mL/min. It was also found that the R2 of Bangham model was more than 0.99, therefore it could be concluded that the adsorption of butanone on activated carbon followed Bangham kinetic model.

Key words: activated carbon, butanone, adsorption kinetics

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